Agentic and victimic model of chronic pain management
Agentic and victimic model of chronic pain management is a model explaining the agentic (active) and victimic (passive) approaches of clients towards chronic pain management. According to this model, the processes of “being”, “doing” and “becoming” interact and influence the “management” of clients. “Being” refers to self and identity, which is how the clients see themselves in the social world; “Knowing” means how the clients view the life living with chronic pain; and “Doing” means how the therapists and clients use strategies, adaptations, and techniques actively to enable the clients to engage in daily living despite the presence of chronic pain. When being, knowing and doing interact with each other over time, management will be generated in two approaches. The first approach is that, if the three elements are all maintaining well, clients who have valued roles (being), accepting and being ready to live with pain (knowing), and actively find ways to deal with pain (doing) can be able to be a self-manager and maintain an agentic (active) approach in pain management. On the other hand, the second approach is that, if the three elements are not maintaining well, the clients would be passive and have a victimic (passive) approach in pain management.
Domain of occupation
The model is specific to pain management only.
van Huet, H., Innes, I., & Stancliffe, R. (2013). Occupational therapists perspectives of factors influencing chronic pain management. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 60, 56-65.
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