This framework aims to describe and build mutual understanding on the central concepts, basic assumptions, and vision of occupational therapy practice. It consists of two sections:
The domain: it outlines the purview and areas of the established body of knowledge and expertise of occupational therapy profession. It includes occupations (activity of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, social participation), client factors (values, beliefs, spirituality, body functions, body structures), performance skills (motor skills, process skills, social interaction skills), performance patters (habits routines, rituals, roles), contexts and environments (cultural, personal, physical, social, temporal virtual).
The process: it describes the practitioner’s action when providing services that are client centered and focused on occupational engagements.
The domain and process of occupational therapy guides practitioners to support client’s occupational participation that is resulted from the dynamic interaction of the aforementioned domains. All aspects of the domains are of equal value, and the interaction affects the client’s occupational identity, health, well-being, and participation in life. Occupational therapists are experts in evaluating all aspects of the domain, the interrelationship, and the client within his/her contexts and environments. The framework emphasizes the significance of meaningful occupations and use of occupation as both means and the ends of intervention.