The Framework of Doing-Being-Becoming describes the theme of “doing”, “being”, and “becoming” in occupational therapy practice. In this framework, “Doing” refers to occupation and occupational performance of an individual, which is essential for the individual to interact with others and develop own identity, and to create and shape the society. “Being” refers to being true to self, that people are required to spend time thinking and reflecting themselves. This helps an individual describes and sustains the own roles. “Becoming” means how people redefine their values and rethink their priorities to prepare transformation of their new roles. This concept of becoming may change continuously overtime, reflective of how a person sees his or her future. Furthermore, there are three aspects of becoming, including becoming, becoming competent, and becoming a social being. All the three of becoming aspects hold the potential for growth and self-actualization of the individual. It is thus suggested that occupational therapists help people by enabling them to do and to be, and through the process of becoming in clinical practice. The synthesis of doing, being, and becoming is integral to health and well-being of the individual who can achieve health through engaging in meaningful occupations.
- Louise Pang
Domain of occupation
This framework is usually applied to patients who have occupational issues, and a good therapeutic relationship is important to gain sufficient information when using this framework.
Wilcock, A. A. (1998). Reflections on doing, being and becoming. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65, 248-256.
- Ann Wilcock