The Model of Occupational Wholeness focuses on the four dimensions of occupation: doing, being, becoming, and belonging, as well as how these dimensions lead to an individual’s wholeness, health, and wellbeing. This model is illustrated by triangles. A black proportionate triangle illustrates the hypothetical ideal relationship between doing (in the middle), being, become, and becoming (each is a corner of the triangle). On the triangle, life situation of a person is illustrated by two triangles, a green triangle (ideal situation wished by the individual), and a grey triangle (actual situation by the individual). The overlapping area represents how congruence a person currently is in terms of life participation and occupational wholeness. The more congruence between the two, the greater life satisfaction and feeling of wholeness (viewed as a continuum) experienced by the individual. However, the congruency of two triangles does not necessarily represent the best objective situation on health. This model suggests that being, becoming, and belonging are the basic needs that are met through doing. Occupational choices are limited by personal capacities and by environmental resources, and the complexities of the two factors may limit a person’s choice. After making choices, the person gives meaning to him or her obligation, whether it is healthy, and meaning making. Objective and subjective considerations and perception of the congruency lead to health and well-being. A long-term skewed profile can have an impact on health and well-being. The significance of self-awareness is also considered as necessary to make people aware of the link between what they do and whether their needs of being, becoming and belonging are being met satisfactorily. Occupational therapists analyze the clients’ life patterns in relation to their sense of being, becoming and becoming through doing, by questionnaire and/or qualitative approach to access for his/her wholeness, and to identify incongruence and its underlying problem(s).
- Macey Cho
- Model (conceptual)
Domain of occupation
This model aims to investigate on the relationship of the four dimensions of occupation: doing, being, becoming, and belonging.
Yazdani, F., & Bonsaksen, T. (2017). Introduction to the model of occupational wholeness. Ergoscience, 12, 28-32.
- Farzaneh Yazdani
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