Psychospiritual integration frame of reference (FOR) emphasizes the nature of spirituality, the expression of spirituality in every occupation behavior, the nature of spiritual occupation, and the influence of spirituality and spiritual occupations on health and well-being. This FOR defines that spirituality is constructed of an integral harmony of six qualitatively distinct dimensions and each dimension is considered as an ever-expanding continuum with increasing depth and vastness. The six dimensions are:
- Becoming: volitionally directed growth of self through active doing and experience,
- Meaning: sense of intrinsic purposefulness and vitality, rooted in personal, collective, or transpersonal spaces that inspire the process of living,
- Being: pervasive quality that forms the foundation of one’s existence,
- Centeredness: nucleus of one’s being, inner stability based on knowing and recognizing,
- Connectedness: seeing self as a fluid process embedded within a larger interrelational context, and
- Transcendence: comprises of two aspects: drive (the innate drive to find ultimate meaning and happiness) and goal (the state of inner freedom and a consciousness that has grown beyond all ego-identification, suffering, pain, and unwholesome actions).
This FOR aims to expand on current understanding on human occupation by categorizing spiritual activities under the term ‘spiritual occupation’, e.g., prayer, scripture, reading, sing, meditation, etc. This FOR illustrates the dynamic interrelationships connecting occupations. Missing or limitation in one or more of the dimensions influences spiritual occupation order and disorder, and spiritual fulfillment and deprivation. Spiritual disorder includes spiritual deprivation, community spiritual deprivation, impact of spiritual deprivation on individuals and communities, and spiritual latency (one or several dimensions of spirituality is not fully emerged or present in a person or a community).
- Macey Cho
- Frame of reference
Domain of occupation
It intended for use with persons and communities that experience spiritual deprivation due to or resulting in occupation-related problem, or for who wish to explore and realize their full spiritual latency.
Kang, C. (2003). A psychospiritual integration frame of reference for occupational therapy. Part 1: Conceptual foundations. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 50, 92-103.
- Chris Kang
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