Model of the Process for Establishing Children’s Occupation (PECO)
This model of the PECO focuses on how children develop their occupations. It describes the process stages in which children go through as they initiate new occupations and continue cease or transfer current ones. Each stage is represented in rectangles. Within the pathway, the arrows indicate the direction of the process, which can go either way depending on children’s behaviors. The pathway starts from exposure and innate drive, then no initiation/initiation, to cessation/continuation, eventually ends with re-initiation/ transformation. Four categories of reasons that influence the process at any stage are represented by shaded ovals surrounding the pathway. These four categories are: parent views and values, resources, motivations, and opportunities. Throughout the lifespan, children go through this process hundreds of times, both simultaneously and consecutively, influenced by various reasons, i.e., occupational development. This model of the PECO could be used for further research on each of the category of influences on occupational development, with broader population, and exploration on more global impact of community, socioeconomic status, culture, and their effects on opportunities and resources, and thus occupational development.
Domain of occupation
This model of the PECO presents a flow chart and influencing factors of how children develop occupations.
Wiseman, J., Davis, J., & Polatajko, H. J. (2005). Occupational development: Towards an understanding of children’s doing. Journal of Occupational Science, 12(1), 26-35.