This model is a developmental model of three basic dimensions of self: biological self (starting when an infant first feels the need for food and warmth), social self (starting when an infant begins to perceive persons other than self), and temporal self (starting when an adolescence’s thoughts and aspirations for the future begin to motivate thinking and behavior). This model is derived from theories of human behavior, assuming that behavioral response depends on the person, environment, and time, and the response is influenced by previous experience and thus the current response also influences future responses. The concept of harmony is applied to the three dimensions of self. All three dimensions are of equal in size and in proportion to the outer circle which depicts the environment. It emphases that each aspect is of equal importance and that the maintenance of these proportions is essential. The ultimate goal of occupational therapy is to allow clients to have internal harmony and balance between the three aspects of self. The other essential element is the environment. It comprises of physical, cultural, and social environments. When assessing a client’s needs and planning his/her occupational therapy intervention, the goal is to ensure that the three aspects of self, with the three aspects of the client’s environment, are balanced. This model can be categorized as an “integrative occupational therapy model”. It is generic to all ages and conditions, with or without dysfunction, to help occupational therapists in organizing clinical thinking.
- Macey Cho
- Model (practice)
Domain of occupation
This model can be considered for use with the Model of Human Occupation, ontogenesis and adaptive skills, and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure.
Dawson, F. (2000). The three-dimensional model of self: a Japanese model of practice. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63(7), 340-342.
- Francesca Dawson
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