The Framework of Occupational Justice (FOJ) offers an occupational perspective of justice or injustice on everyday occupations. This framework emphasizes on the inclusion of every individual in an occupationally just word (i.e., the environment, such as community and government, in which the individuals can do what they decide to be the most meaningful and useful to themselves, family, communities and nations). It illustrates how the inter-relationships of structural factors and contextual factors support or restrict occupational outcomes and occupational rights. Structural factors include underlying occupational determinants (i.e., type of economy, regional/national/international policies) and occupational instruments or programs (i.e., health and community support, income support, education, employment). Contextual factors include age, gender, sexual orientation, ability/disability, etc. The structural factors, affected by contextual factors, contribute to conditions of occupational justice and lead to occupational outcomes (i.e., justice or injustice). Occupational outcomes of justice are occupational rights including meaning, participation, choice, and balance. There are four cases of occupational injustice: occupational alienation, occupational deprivation, occupational imbalance, and occupational marginalization. This framework suggests that the critical occupational perspective offers new insights of social issues on occupational justices, including injustice of exclusion from everyday occupations with clients who suffer from mental illness. The framework includes three lessons to advocate justice. The first one is that justice requires societal accountability for including all persons in everyday occupations without injustice. Second, societies create institutional changes in housing, employment, community recreation and other policies. Third, justice advances when societies develop programming and conditions to truly engage adults who have mental health issues with ordinary people to support their participation. This framework aims to develop a just society with inclusion of all citizens in everyday occupations.
Domain of occupation
This framework offers an occupational perspective on occupational justice, aiming to include all individuals in everyday occupations.
Townsend, E. A. (2012). Boundaries and bridges to adult mental health: Critical occupational and capabilities perspectives of justice. Journal of Occupational Science, 19, 8-24.
The Canadian Practice Process Framework (CPPF) consists of four distinct components, three of which are contextual (including the societal context, practice context, and frame of reference). The forth component is process based and is represented by the eight action points that guide the process of occupational enablement. The eight action points are: (1) from enter/initiated, (2) set the stage, (3) assess/evaluate, (4) agree on objectives plan, (5) implement plan, (6) monitor/modify, (7) evaluate outcomes, and (8) conclude/exit.
The Conceptual Model of Leisure Engagement for Quality of Life in Nursing Home Residents (LEQoL-NH) aims to demonstrate the interrelationship between four factors: principles of occupational justice, continuity theory, leisure engagement, and resulting quality of life. Each is considered as important in improving quality of life. This model recognizes persons as occupational beings with valued lifelong interests/activities.
The fundamental message of this Do-Live-Well framework is “what you do everyday matters”, and they are essential to one’s health and wellbeing. In this framework, there are four main sections, and each represents a building block to “Do-Live-Well". The four sections are (1) dimensions of experience, (2) activity patterns, (3) health and wellbeing outcomes, and (4) forces influencing activity engagement.
This framework aims to assist occupational therapists in describing aspects of work functioning in work assessments on different situations. There are three separate dimensions of work functioning. Dimension 1 is work participation and society. Work participation is an individual’s ability and opportunity he/she has, to acquire and maintain a work position in the society, and to fulfill a worker role. The complex interaction between personal, environmental, and temporal factors affects a person’s work participation.
The Accountability-Well-being-Ethics (AWE) framework incorporates the humanist and contextualist perspectives to create a balanced foundation of client-centered profession. The conceptual cores include sociocultural, well-being, social/occupational justice, promoting capabilities, accountability, qualitative stories, contingency, hope, solidarity, person directed, coach/partner, and facilitating empowerment, in contrast to different concepts of biomedical health care. This framework is structured for use in education, research, and clinical practice for occupational therapy globally.