This framework places spirituality as the core of the person. It regards an individual’s spirit as one’s being, unharmed by injury or illness, rather than as a component. In this framework, spirituality is depicted as two concentric circles surrounding the center. The first circle depicts human center and the second circle depicts personal worldview. The center is defined as the core, the heart, or what is means to be human. There are two concepts, when related in this way, may assist individuals in identifying and expressing the understanding of spirituality. In the process, the affective, cognitive and physical components, as defined by the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance, are included. Personal worldview is formed through individualized physical and social interaction with all the aspects of one’s environment (physical, cultural, social, and institutional). It refers to a person’s internalized image of the universe and humanity’s relationship to it. Personal worldview usually remains pre-reflexive and is thus unarticulated. It can be explored through a process of personal and subjective spiritual questioning about the origin, purpose, meaning, and form of human life. Disability can be a trigger of subjective spiritual questioning. The development of a worldview with which to interpret the center of a person is part of the spiritual development. Placing this framework at the person’s core within a professional model shows that persons are central to the occupational therapy profession and to depict the profession’s view of a person.
- Macey Cho
Domain of occupation
This framework enhances client-centeredness by giving each client the opportunity to from and articulate his/her personal worldview and thus the view of spirituality.
Smith, S. (2008). Toward a flexible framework for understanding spirituality. Occupational therapy in health care, 22(1), 39-54.
- Sharon Smith
Primary Developer Email